Sukanta Das, PhD
Govt. Approved Part-time teacher, Department of Philosophy, Garhbeta College, Garhbeta, Midnapur (west), West Bengal. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Article DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n1.sc-en-v7-01-02
We know that Indian Philosophy leads us to the way of attaining liberation. It is true that only mokṣa or liberation is eternal among four puruṣārthas by which men can be free from all kinds of sufferings, pains etc. of life permanently. The term ‘mokṣa’ is used in different terms in various systems of Indian Philosophy viz. ‘nirvāṇa’, ‘kaivalya’, ‘apavarga’, ‘mukti’, ‘niḥśreyasa’, ‘Brahmasvarūpatāprāpti’ etc. But, it is also true that all the systems except the Cārvāka admit liberation as the chief goal to every human being and for attaining it they have mentioned various methods as the means in their theories but if we search profoundly their prescribe methods, must find the method of yoga or some parts of yoga (of aṣtāṅga-yoga) as potential form using in different terms. Hence, it may be observed here that the aṣtāṅga-yoga is not only effective method as means for attaining liberation in the Yoga Philosophy but also effective method in other systems of Indian Philosophy also. The aim of this paper is to show how the aṣtāṅga-yoga has been admitted as the means for the attainment of liberation in some other systems of Indian Philosophy.
Keywords: Liberation, Aṣtāṅga-yoga, nirvāṇ, apavarga, kaivalya, Brahman.