Articles

Physical Fitness and Performance Indicators of Indian Female Volleyball Players: the Need for individual Data

Dr. Krishnendu Pradhan
Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Garhbeta College, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, E-Mail: kpgcpe@gmail.com.

 Volume VII, Number 1, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n1.ped-en-v7-01-01 

Abstract

The performances of Indian female volleyball teams (mini to senior levels) are poor at the Asian as well as in the international levels. This has become a challenge to the volleyball coaches, physical educationists and sports scientists of India. Though efforts are being made to improve the performance of Indian female volleyball players of different levels however, very little success has been achieved so far in this regard due to fact that in India the emphasis during selection of teams in different levels has been based on only in skills and tactics without much consideration of physical fitness and performance indicators of volleyball players. In this respect the researcher realizes the importance of physical fitness and performance indicators in the game of volleyball and undertaken this topic.

The present study was aimed to assess the physical fitness indicators i.e. strength, speed, power, agility, flexibility and muscular endurance and the performance indicators i.e. height, weight, grip strength (left + right), back strength, block jump and spike jump of Indian talented sub-junior female volleyball players and to compare the results with age matched Control Group.  Also, compare the findings of the Indian talented sub-junior female volleyball players with that of their international standards from available literatures and to make some suggestions for the improvement of their performance level in international standard. The study was carried out in twenty (20) Indian talented sub-junior female volleyball players aged between 13 to 16 years and twenty (20) ages matched female Control Group. Physical fitness indicators of volleyball game namely strength, speed, power, agility, flexibility, muscular endurance and performance indicators namely height, weight, grip strength (left + right), back strength, block jump and spike jump were measured by their respective standard tests. Data was analyzed using Independent Sample‘t’ test by using SPSS, (Version 20.0) software. The level of significance chosen was 0.05.

The results of t-test revealed that all physical fitness and performance indicators of Indian talented sub-junior female volleyball players were statistically significant in compared to their age matched Control Group but when values of the each physical fitness and performance indicators were compared to the international standards, the Indian talented sub-junior female volleyball players were behind the recommended norms for the elite international female sub-junior volleyball players. The Indian sub-junior female volleyball players have more advantages in strength, speed, power, agility, flexibility, muscular endurance, height, weight, grip strength (left + right), back strength, block jump and spike jump of physical fitness and performance indicators respectively in compared to their age matched Control Group.

 Keywords: Physical Fitness, Performance indicators, strength, speed, power, agility, flexibility, muscular endurance, grip strength, back strength, block jump, spike jump.

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Not Rights but Place: Thoughts on Animal Studies in the Form of a Book Review

The book: Placing Animals: An Introduction to the Geography of Human-Animal Relations

Author: Julie Urbanik

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield, 2012

Paperback: 206 pages

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers (August 2, 2012)

Language: English

ISBN-10: 1442211857

ISBN-13: 978-1442211858

Review by Nell Kriesberg, North Carolina State University, USA

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Julie Urbanik’s Placing Animals: An Introduction to the Geography of Human-Animal Relations,one of the newer books in the growing genre of Animal Studies, is well worth a close examination. In this brief review I would like to present Urbanik’s book as charting the path of critical shifts in our thinking about animals. The author presents this long and convoluted story in clear, precise language, free of jargon; it is geared for undergraduate students who are in the beginning stages of thinking about animals and thus works splendidly as an introductory overview for a first or second course in Animal Studies.

Call for Papers for Volume III, 2013: Animal Studies: Exploring the Relationship between the Humans and the Animals

Call for Papers for Volume III, 2013

Animal Studies: Exploring the Relationship between the Humans and the Animals

Articles and books reviews are invited from contributors for the Vol. III of the Journal on the broad areas of Animal Studies. We have selected the area in order to explore many forms of relationship—historical, philosophical, commercial/economic, anthropological, ethical, metaphysical, religious, artistic, biological, medical, sociological, psychological etc, between the human beings and the animals down the ages. This has become an important area for study and research in view of the growing need to reassess and redefine certain aspects of the relationship pointed out by the animal activists and thinkers like Peter Singer, Thomas Regan, Jacques Derrida, Cary Wolfe, Giorgio Agamben and others. In the face of unprecedented urbanization, rapid global warming and destruction of natural habitats, it is necessary to look into the ways that shaped and defined the relationship, to examine the present condition and to search for new norms that may determine a better future. In other words, we want to approach  the area from holistic multidisciplinary manner and so we invite papers from any discipline and we encourage authors to engage themselves in interdisciplinary discussions.

For the convenience of the contributors some possible topics are marked out below. However, these are rather suggestive and not exhaustive, and we are very much open to the suggestion of inclusion of any relevant topic.

Topics:

  • Human-animal relationship in prehistoric times: rituals, cave paintings, rock art etc.
  • Human-animal relationship as found in myths, fables and folktales
  • Role of animal in human civilization and role of the human in the animal world
  • Discipline and punish and display: caging animals for entertainment and display of power
  • Meat as a metaphor: interplay of life and death as a (natural?) cycle
  • Ethical concerns for violence and application of superior power
  • The beast and the beautiful: animals in human fantasy, phobia and dream
  • The philosophy of humanity: concessions and shortcomings of the classical tradition
  • Contradictions in religion: animals as gods and sacrificial objects as well
  • Animal aesthetics: representations of animals in arts and literature and its problematics
  • Medical sciences: animals as test-objects and the issues of the trans-human
  • Animals as pets: sociological implications and ontological concerns
  • Children and the animal: appropriation of the animal through imagination
  • Animals as assets: economic value and the questions of animal rights
  • Popular media: appropriating the animal world as fictional world of entertainment
  • Dark areas of human psychology: animals as sex objects and animal sex as a spectacle of pleasure
  • The zoo and the cage as a metaphor for colonization and the representation of power

Book Reviews:  Reviews can be submitted on any book (not older than 2 years) on Animal Studies related area.

Language: English and Bengali.

Word-limit: Minimum 3000 words and Maximum 5000 words.

Mode of submission: Submission should be made through e-mail only with word/doc. attachment to the Chief Editor at principal@bhattercollege.ac.in or to the Managing Editor at ttm1974@gmail.com. Submission through hard manuscript form or hard format will not be entertained.  

Deadline of Submission: 30 September,  2013.

Date of Publication: The issue will be published in the first week of December, 2013.

Contact: Please contact Chief Editor at principal@bhattercollege.ac.in or Managing Editor for queries at ttm1974@gmail.com.

[NB: There is no Processing or Subscription Fee of any kind. Contributors will receive a Print Copy of the Issue free of charge.]