Spinoza’s Ontology and the Meaning of Happiness

Rocco A. Astore

New School for Social Research in New York, NY. Email:

  Volume 8, Number 1, 2018 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v8n1.v8n1sc01


This piece will first investigate Spinoza’s speculations concerning God or Nature. Next, explicating his ideas regarding the human mind and body will assist the reader in understanding his views on the human condition, and the influences that distort people’s abilities to love God fully. Finally, I will argue that love of God, is also a love of one’s self, and therefore, people may claim that God’s love is not mandatory for their happiness.


Keywords: Spinoza, meaning of happiness, ontology, God