Editorial, Volume 7, 2017

Dr. Pabitra Kumar Mishra


 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n200

For the last few years the academic world, especially in India, is reeling under the circumstances created by the phenomenon of “publish or perish”. It is strange indeed that the educational policy makers suddenly felt the need for pushing teachers towards publishing more and more in an effort to ensure quality in higher education. The thrust on research and publication was not in itself unwanted; what made the academic atmosphere wayward was its supposed conviction in excellence and quality in higher education through compulsory research and publication. This can be best proved by the trends in patents and intellectual property rights generated by the educational institutes in India. In extreme cases of dishonesty and/or ignorance, in order to justify the authenticity of their works, researchers don’t even hesitate to use fake Impact Factors issued by fake organizations. This unethical practice is directly related to another unholy phenomenon, the rise of predatory journals in India and abroad. Unfortunately enough, the predatory practices have recently been given legitimacy through creation of journal list in India.

Fundamentally speaking, India lacks proper culture for research and publication in the context of 21st century. With the intervention of digital technology in the field of communication and dissemination of knowledge, it has failed to formulate proper Open Access policies and promote Open Source software. A proper policy could have utilized the possibilities by combining the tools and ideas from the two movements. In India, the online journals use poor and outdated technology, compared with the best journal software platforms in the international context, and replicate the functionalities of print journals without being able to exploit the technological possibilities relating to automatic data generation. Had there been a thrust for Open Source, there could have been a journal platform that would truly address both the issues of international standards and multilingual Indian needs.

In another respect, we are lagging behind the international standards is our lack of professionalism. This is found with all the parties concerned with the process of publication. Just as authors want immediate publication, reviewers take too much time in reviewing an article. Journals follow standard methodology and unfortunately the methodology is not part of any syllabus or training programme. We have noticed a great amount of lethargy among teachers who would act as peer reviewers. Once assigned the task of reviewing, they feel themselves in superior position without knowing their job professionally. The result is that large number of articles goes to publication without proper review. In the rush to gather the required API scores, we forget that a journal is not a place to publish anything and secure promotion or appointment; a journal is a place for publishing original research and communicating with the scholarly community. The academic emergency created by the need for gathering API scores cannot produce true researchers because true research cannot be measured by API score nor can it be achieved in rush-hour mode. Research needs to be linked with productivity, originality and, of course, creativity, and publishing should be concerned with quality and not with quantity.

Our journal was launched as an experiment with the new technology inspired by the principles of Open Access. But we are no longer in such experimental stage and we need to introduce technical innovations and implement strict scholarly standards in various fields. We need new brand of reviewers and editors who would approach the job with professionalism and not with traditional academic apathy. We will publish open documents for training for all the parties concerned as the journal urgently needs real participation of true scholars. We do not want to continue the platform just as a platform for facilitating promotion and appointment.


Kashyapa Rishi of the Mahabharata becomes Dhanvantari Ojha of the Manasamangal Kavya: Transmission and Diffusion of an Ancient Snakebite-Curer’s Story

Rahul Bhaumik

Department of History, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India. Email: rahul_joy1981@yahoo.com

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2eng03


This paper focuses on the particular Mahabharata story of great snakebite-curer Kashyapa Rishi, whose resemblance we find in the character of Dhanvantari Ojha of the mediaeval Bengali narrative poetry Manasamangal Kavya or Padma Purana. Similarities between these two narratives prove that ancient epical story largely influenced the making of mangal-kavya, though the story of Dhanvantari is not a blind imitation of the epical story. However, a close reading of these stories also indicates towards the very existence of a well-established medical discipline concerning snakebite envenomation and its treatment in ancient and mediaeval India. Thus, by using specific literary evidences this paper actually tries to trace the socio-cultural journey of Indian toxicology.

Keywords: Snake, Snakebite-Curer, Takshaka, Kashyapa Rishi, Dhanvantari Ojha, the Mahabharata, the Manasamangal Kavya.

Awareness among Teachers about Right to Information Act-2005 with Special Reference to Their Experience and Streams

Dr. Pargat Singh Garcha

Asst. Prof. GHG Khalsa College of Education, Gurusar Sadhar. Email: drpargat81@gmail.com

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2sc05


This paper is an attempt to study influence of years of service (more than 5 years/ less than 5 years) and stream (arts/science), on awareness among teachers towards right to information act-2005. A descriptive research design of survey type was adopted for the study. This study was conducted on a sample of 70 teachers attending orientation and refresher course in UGC-HRDC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, from different states in India. Sample was classified on the basis of experience and stream. Self prepared questionnaire was used to assess the awareness of teachers towards RTI-Act. The study revealed that there is no significant mean difference found on the awareness towards RTI Act-2005 among teachers on the variable of experience but on the bases of stream mean difference was significant.

Keywords:  RTI-Act, Experience, Stream, College and University Teachers

জাতীয়তাবাদী আশুতোষ মুখোপাধ্যায় ও তাঁর শিক্ষাভাবনা

প্রণব বর্মণ

ভট্টর কলেজ, দাঁতন, Email: talktopranab@gmail.com

  Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2bnl03

সংক্ষিপ্তসার (Abstract):     

ঔপনিবেশিক শক্তির হাত ধরে উনিশ শতকে বাংলার সমাজ-সংস্কৃতির আমূল পরিবর্তনের সূত্রপাত হয়। মধ্যযুগীয় সামাজিক উপাদানগুলি অপসারিত হয়ে, যুক্তিবাদ, সুগঠিত রাষ্ট্র পরিকল্পনা ও জাতীয়তাবাদ প্রভৃতি বাঙালির মনে সঞ্চারিত হয়। অবশ্যই এর মাধ্যম ঔপনিবেশিক শাসন ও  ইংরেজী শিক্ষা। এই ইংরেজী শিক্ষাকে অবলম্বন করে সমাজে উদ্ভব হয় মধ্যবিত্ত শ্রেণীর মত নব্য শ্রেণীর। জাতীয়তাবাদ ও ইউরোপীয় চিন্তাভাবনার মিশেল ঘটে বাংলার সমাজে। প্রাচ্য  ও প্রতীচ্যের যুথবদ্ধতায় সমাজে নতুন সম্ভাবনার প্রকাশ পেতে থাকে। বাঙালি মননের গড়ন নির্মিত হয় নতুন উপকরণ দ্বারা। এর প্রভাব পড়ে শিক্ষাচিন্তার ওপর। শিক্ষার প্রসারের মধ্যদিয়ে বাঙালি তথা ভারতীয়দের মধ্যে জাতি ও জাতীয়তাবোধ গড়ে তুলতে উদ্যোগী হয় এই মধ্যবিত্ত শ্রেণী। যারা অগ্রণী ভূমিকা পালন করেছিলেন তাঁদের মধ্যে অন্যতম হলেন আশুতোষ মুখোপাধ্যায়। ব্রিটিশ শক্তির প্রবল বিরোধিতা সত্ত্বেও বাংলার শিক্ষাচিন্তাকে জাতীয়তাবাদী খাতে প্রবাহিত করেছিলেন। কলকাতা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়কে কেন্দ্র করে বাংলা তথা ভারতে শিক্ষাচিন্তায় আমূল পরিবর্তন আনেন। শিক্ষা ব্যবস্থাকে ঔপনিবেশিক ধারায় প্রবাহিত না করে স্বতন্ত্র ধারার প্রবর্তনের পথপ্রদর্শক ছিলেন আশুতোষ মুখোপাধ্যায়। পরাধীন ভারতে তাঁর জাতীয়তাবাদী মন নিয়ে কীভাবে শিক্ষাকে অবলম্বন করে সমাজ সংস্কারের  প্রতি ব্রতি হয়েছিলেন সেটা এই প্রবন্ধের প্রতিপাদ্য বিষয়।

সূচকশব্দ: ঔপনিবেশিক শক্তি, জাতীয়তাবাদ, শিক্ষা , কলকাতা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় ও আশুতোষ মুখোপাধ্যায়।

A study of academic stress and its effect on self efficacy of the students

Kartik Chandra Sarkar1 & K N Chattopadhyay2

1Officer-in-Charge, Govt. Teachers’ Training College, Malda, P.O & Dist: Malda, West Bengal, India. 2Department of Education, the University of Burdwan, Burdwan (East), West Bengal, India. Email: knc_bu@yahoo.co.in

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2sc04


In the recent times academic stress has become  a most concerning matter to the educationists as well as to the psychologists. Immense studies have been made by different researchers on the influence of academic stress on different aspects of the development of students. On the other hand self-efficacy of the student is necessary for the academic performance of the students and for social developments also. In the present investigation the researchers have studied whether the academic stress of the male and female students differs significantly and whether the academic stress of the students varies with classes and whether academic stress has relationship with the self-efficacy of the students. For this purpose a sample of 236 students has been taken from different schools of South Dinajpur district comprising male and female students of class VII, VIII and IX. Academic stress of the students are measured by the Scale for Assessing Academic Stress (SAAS) as developed and standardized by Sinha et al.(2001). The self-efficacy of the students are measured by the Self-Efficacy Scale (SES) as developed and standardized by Mathur and Bhatnagar (2012). The significant difference of the academic stress on the male and female students is tested by t test and it is seen that there is no significant difference of the academic stress on male and female students. The significant difference of the academic stress on different classes is tested by F- test (ANOVA) and it is seen that the academic stress depends on classes. Also the Pearson’s coefficient of correlation between the academic stress and self-efficacy is calculated and it is -0.70061 and by t test it is seen that the correlation is significant. The regression analysis has also been done to estimate the dependence of self-efficacy on the academic stress.

Keywords: Academic stress, Self-efficacy, SAAS.

ইন্দ্রিয়সংযমের শিক্ষা ও রামায়ণঃ একটি আলোচনা

শিশির কুমার ঢালী

সহশিক্ষক, গয়েশ্বরী প্যারী ভুবন বিদ্যানিকেতন, Email: dhali.sisirkumar99@gmail.com

  Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2bnl02

সংক্ষিপ্তসার (Abstract):       

মনুষ্যদেহে বসবাসকারী ষড়রিপুর অন্যতম কাম। ভগবান তাঁর সৃষ্টিকে পঞ্চ-ইন্দ্রিয়ের দ্বারা উপভোগ করবার জন্যই মনুষ্য প্রজাতির সৃষ্টি করেছেন। সুতরাং, পৃথিবীতে সৃষ্টি বজায় রাখতে গেলে নিঃসন্দেহে কামের প্রয়োজন আছে। যেহেতু কামাদি রিপুগুলি সহজাত, তাই এগুলির সমূলে বিনাশ সম্ভব নয় এবং তা কাম্যও নয়; এর দমন সম্ভব এবং তা বাঞ্ছনীয়। কিন্তু কাম-প্রবৃত্তি অসংযতভাবে বৃদ্ধি পেলে সমাজে নারীজাতি অনেক ক্ষেত্রেই তার শিকার হয়ে থাকে। শুধু তাই নয়, অসংযত মন ও ইন্দ্রিয়ের বশীভূত ব্যক্তি নিজকৃত কর্মের পরিণাম সম্পর্কে সচেতন থাকতে পারে না। অপিচ কাম-কামনা ঋদ্ধিমান পুরুষের শুভবোধকে পর্যন্ত হরণ করে থাকে। কামের এই সর্বগ্রাসী প্রবৃত্তির অবশ্যম্ভাবী ফলস্বরূপ পুত্রপ্রীতি, ভ্রাতৃপ্রীতি, পত্নীপ্রীতি ও বন্ধুতা থেকে শত্রুতায় পরিণত করে। তাই আদিকবি বাল্মীকি তাঁর আর্য রামায়ণে বিবিধ চরিত্র ও ঘটনাবলীর অনুসঙ্গে সমাজকে ইন্দ্রিয়াসক্তির বিরূপ প্রতিক্রিয়া সম্বন্ধে সমুচিত শিক্ষা দিতে এই কালজয়ী আখ্যান রচনা করেছিলেন।

সূচকশব্দ (Keywords): রামায়ণ, বাল্মীকি, ষট্‌রিপু, কামনিন্দা, ইন্দ্রিয়সংযম

Programme and Financial Management of JSY Scheme under NRHM: a Qualitative Study in Three South Indian States

Dr. D.C. Nanjunda

Centre for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy, Mysore University, Mysore-06. Email: ajdmeditor@yahoo.co.in

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2mc04


Maternal mortality in rural parts is a burning issue today. Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe and secured motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and neo-natal mortality by promoting and increasing institutional delivery among the poor pregnant women in the rural parts of the country. Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NHM).it is implemented all over the country since 2005. JSY is basically a conditional cash transfer benefit scheme. It is a 100% central government supported scheme and ministry of health and family welfare will channelize the fund to the all state health societies. This study has been conducted in there south Indian states focusing programme and financial management of the JSY scheme and to find out any lacunas in the delivery system.

Keywords: Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), financial management, delivery system

A Study on Performance Evaluation of Public Sector Enterprise Textile Companies Using Shannon DEA Approach

Subir Kumar Sen1 & Sudipta Kayal2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce, Tripura University, Suryamaninagar, Agartala-799022, Tripura, India. Email: subirkumarsen@gmail.com

2Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Savitri Girls’ College, Kolkata-700007.

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2mc03


This paper examines the combined efficiency of the Public Sector Enterprise Textile Firms using Shannon entropy measures. The efficiency scores of public sector enterprise Textile Firms under cost, revenue and profit models are combined to obtain a comprehensive performance measure. This paper finds that the profit model has a larger value of discriminatory ability and weight as compared to cost and revenue models.

Keywords: Shannon’s entropy, cost efficiency, revenue efficiency, profit efficiency, ranking, Textile Companies.

JEL Codes: C14, D61


A Study on Work-related Stress among the Teachers and Administrators of Privately Managed Business Schools in West Bengal

Pijus Kanti Bhuin

Asst. Professor, Rural Management, Dept. of Commerce, Bhatter College, Dantan, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India. Orcid: 0000-0001-8961-4161. Email:pk_bhuin@yahoo.com

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2mc02


Studies have revealed that teaching is one of the stressful occupations worldwide. Competitive stature of globalized education market has been changing in a dynamic business environment. Private players are coming up rapidly to meet up the skills and knowledge gap being equipped with better physical infrastructure, corporate management structure and business intelligence system. In this context, an investigation is made on how do the educators involved in private management educational institutes experience work-stress with respect to few demographic and job factors. Survey for the study is conducted using a validated stress scale among the teachers and academic administrators of private educational institutes in West Bengal, India.  Results reveal that nearly one third of the respondents are exposed to high stress zone. Situation is alarming, not parlous though. ANOVA results show that age, experience and area of residence are most powerful endogenous factor in differentiating work-groups in respect to stress. Gender, income, job status and educational qualifications have comparatively lower influences. Interestingly, teachers and administrators do not differ themselves significantly so far work-related stress is concerned. Research findings will help the policy maker examining the existing pattern of work stress and its likely implications in designing institutional human resource policy and practices.

Keywords: Business Intelligence System, Corporate Management, Human Resource Policy, Job Role, Work-Stress

Dinnaga’s View on the Role of Anyapoha (Exclusion of Others) in Understanding Word-meaning

Alok Ranjan Khatua

A Research Scholar, Ph. D. Programme, Vidyasagar University, and an Assistant Professor, Dept. of Philosophy, Mugberia Gangadhar Mahavidyalaya, Bhupatinagar, Puarba-Medinipur, Pin: 721425, West Bengal, India. Email: alokkhatua13@gmail.com

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2sc03


The present paper deals with the Buddhist theory of meaning which is known as Apohavāda, it was first propounded by Diṅnāga. Diṅnāga, the great Indian logician and the father of Buddhist nominalism, in his celebrated work Pramāṇcamuccaya mentioned the apoha theory which asserts that universal is not real, it has no reality; only the unique particular is real. According to Diṅnāga, there is no need to assume the existence of real universals like “cowness” which is nothing but a class concept of the general term “cow”. He argues that we have no requirement of any real universal, because it has no ability to identify or to express any particular entity. According to him, word as a linguistic sign cannot refer to the real object; it can only refer to the negation of others (anyāpoha). Diṅnāga’s conception of anyāpoha is a possible substitute for universal (jāti or sāmānya) of other realist school of Indian logic. The term “sākṣādvṛtti” is directly applicable to the universal which, in other words, is known as  anyāpoha or negation of other. The term anyāpoha means negation of others or negation of contrary or exclusion of others (i.e. the double negation or the joint negation). Though Diṅnāga claims that the general term does not denote its particular as its own referent, yet, for alternative suggestion, he offers that a word denotes its own referent by the exclusion of others.

Keywords: Nominalism, exclusion of others (anyāpoha), linguistic sign, import of words, conceptual construction, reality

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