Effectiveness of Elementary Education Curriculum in some CBSE schools of Patna with respect to teacher motivation and student achievement

Namita Kumari1 & Fr. Thomas Perumalil S.J.2

1 Mother’s International Teacher’s Training Academy, Phulwarisharif, Patna. Email: namita.educ@gmail.com

2Principal, Xavier College of Education, Digha, Patna

   Volume 8, Number 1, 2018 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v8n1.v8n1sc02


Curriculum is the guidemap based on which any formal education program is conducted. It can be considered as the totality of the knowledge and skills that the students are expected to learn in class as well as outside class as part of formal education.The curriculum implemented in primary classes is prescribed by Examination Boards such as the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in India. The implementation of the curriculum varies between schools because of local factors. For curriculum to be effective several conditions have to be satisfied. So it is meaningful to talk about the effectiveness of curriculum. Teacher motivation is an important parameter related to implementation of the curriculum because it is teachers that ultimately implement the curriculum. It is expected that the teacher’s own sincerity towards work, seriousness and work motivation will have a role to play both in forming an opinion regarding the curriculum, and in shaping its implementation. Student Achievement is a measure of the amount of academic content that the student learns in a determined amount of time. It is one of the parameters by which the quality and performance of a school is judged. In the present paper, academic performance has been used as a measure of student achievement. For this the summative assessment grades of the students have been used. For assessing Teacher Motivation and Effectiveness of curriculum five point Numerical rating scales were constructed, and tested for validity and reliability. For testing validity, a part-whole correlation was carried out and the final rating scale was prepared on its basis. Reliability testing was done using split half method. The annual summative assessment scores were used as a measure of student achievement. Data was collected from three Government schools and four Private schools. The study showed a positive correlation of effectiveness of curriculum with both teacher motivation and student achievement. It was also observed that students whose parents had had higher education scored better in their examination. Poor family economy was detrimental to student performance. Although the difference between teacher motivation in Government and private schools was not significant, the students from private schools performed better in the examinations.

Keywords: Elementary education, Effectiveness of curriculum, Teacher Motivation, Student Achievement.

Spinoza’s Ontology and the Meaning of Happiness

Rocco A. Astore

New School for Social Research in New York, NY. Email: astor421@newschool.edu

  Volume 8, Number 1, 2018 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v8n1.v8n1sc01


This piece will first investigate Spinoza’s speculations concerning God or Nature. Next, explicating his ideas regarding the human mind and body will assist the reader in understanding his views on the human condition, and the influences that distort people’s abilities to love God fully. Finally, I will argue that love of God, is also a love of one’s self, and therefore, people may claim that God’s love is not mandatory for their happiness.


Keywords: Spinoza, meaning of happiness, ontology, God

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