Articles By Editor

Effectiveness of Elementary Education Curriculum in some CBSE schools of Patna with respect to teacher motivation and student achievement

Namita Kumari1 & Fr. Thomas Perumalil S.J.2

1 Mother’s International Teacher’s Training Academy, Phulwarisharif, Patna. Email:

2Principal, Xavier College of Education, Digha, Patna

   Volume 8, Number 1, 2018 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v8n1.v8n1sc02


Curriculum is the guidemap based on which any formal education program is conducted. It can be considered as the totality of the knowledge and skills that the students are expected to learn in class as well as outside class as part of formal education.The curriculum implemented in primary classes is prescribed by Examination Boards such as the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in India. The implementation of the curriculum varies between schools because of local factors. For curriculum to be effective several conditions have to be satisfied. So it is meaningful to talk about the effectiveness of curriculum. Teacher motivation is an important parameter related to implementation of the curriculum because it is teachers that ultimately implement the curriculum. It is expected that the teacher’s own sincerity towards work, seriousness and work motivation will have a role to play both in forming an opinion regarding the curriculum, and in shaping its implementation. Student Achievement is a measure of the amount of academic content that the student learns in a determined amount of time. It is one of the parameters by which the quality and performance of a school is judged. In the present paper, academic performance has been used as a measure of student achievement. For this the summative assessment grades of the students have been used. For assessing Teacher Motivation and Effectiveness of curriculum five point Numerical rating scales were constructed, and tested for validity and reliability. For testing validity, a part-whole correlation was carried out and the final rating scale was prepared on its basis. Reliability testing was done using split half method. The annual summative assessment scores were used as a measure of student achievement. Data was collected from three Government schools and four Private schools. The study showed a positive correlation of effectiveness of curriculum with both teacher motivation and student achievement. It was also observed that students whose parents had had higher education scored better in their examination. Poor family economy was detrimental to student performance. Although the difference between teacher motivation in Government and private schools was not significant, the students from private schools performed better in the examinations.

Keywords: Elementary education, Effectiveness of curriculum, Teacher Motivation, Student Achievement.

Spinoza’s Ontology and the Meaning of Happiness

Rocco A. Astore

New School for Social Research in New York, NY. Email:

  Volume 8, Number 1, 2018 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v8n1.v8n1sc01


This piece will first investigate Spinoza’s speculations concerning God or Nature. Next, explicating his ideas regarding the human mind and body will assist the reader in understanding his views on the human condition, and the influences that distort people’s abilities to love God fully. Finally, I will argue that love of God, is also a love of one’s self, and therefore, people may claim that God’s love is not mandatory for their happiness.


Keywords: Spinoza, meaning of happiness, ontology, God

Editorial, Volume 7, 2017

Dr. Pabitra Kumar Mishra


 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n200

For the last few years the academic world, especially in India, is reeling under the circumstances created by the phenomenon of “publish or perish”. It is strange indeed that the educational policy makers suddenly felt the need for pushing teachers towards publishing more and more in an effort to ensure quality in higher education. The thrust on research and publication was not in itself unwanted; what made the academic atmosphere wayward was its supposed conviction in excellence and quality in higher education through compulsory research and publication. This can be best proved by the trends in patents and intellectual property rights generated by the educational institutes in India. In extreme cases of dishonesty and/or ignorance, in order to justify the authenticity of their works, researchers don’t even hesitate to use fake Impact Factors issued by fake organizations. This unethical practice is directly related to another unholy phenomenon, the rise of predatory journals in India and abroad. Unfortunately enough, the predatory practices have recently been given legitimacy through creation of journal list in India.

Fundamentally speaking, India lacks proper culture for research and publication in the context of 21st century. With the intervention of digital technology in the field of communication and dissemination of knowledge, it has failed to formulate proper Open Access policies and promote Open Source software. A proper policy could have utilized the possibilities by combining the tools and ideas from the two movements. In India, the online journals use poor and outdated technology, compared with the best journal software platforms in the international context, and replicate the functionalities of print journals without being able to exploit the technological possibilities relating to automatic data generation. Had there been a thrust for Open Source, there could have been a journal platform that would truly address both the issues of international standards and multilingual Indian needs.

In another respect, we are lagging behind the international standards is our lack of professionalism. This is found with all the parties concerned with the process of publication. Just as authors want immediate publication, reviewers take too much time in reviewing an article. Journals follow standard methodology and unfortunately the methodology is not part of any syllabus or training programme. We have noticed a great amount of lethargy among teachers who would act as peer reviewers. Once assigned the task of reviewing, they feel themselves in superior position without knowing their job professionally. The result is that large number of articles goes to publication without proper review. In the rush to gather the required API scores, we forget that a journal is not a place to publish anything and secure promotion or appointment; a journal is a place for publishing original research and communicating with the scholarly community. The academic emergency created by the need for gathering API scores cannot produce true researchers because true research cannot be measured by API score nor can it be achieved in rush-hour mode. Research needs to be linked with productivity, originality and, of course, creativity, and publishing should be concerned with quality and not with quantity.

Our journal was launched as an experiment with the new technology inspired by the principles of Open Access. But we are no longer in such experimental stage and we need to introduce technical innovations and implement strict scholarly standards in various fields. We need new brand of reviewers and editors who would approach the job with professionalism and not with traditional academic apathy. We will publish open documents for training for all the parties concerned as the journal urgently needs real participation of true scholars. We do not want to continue the platform just as a platform for facilitating promotion and appointment.


Kashyapa Rishi of the Mahabharata becomes Dhanvantari Ojha of the Manasamangal Kavya: Transmission and Diffusion of an Ancient Snakebite-Curer’s Story

Rahul Bhaumik

Department of History, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India. Email:

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2eng03


This paper focuses on the particular Mahabharata story of great snakebite-curer Kashyapa Rishi, whose resemblance we find in the character of Dhanvantari Ojha of the mediaeval Bengali narrative poetry Manasamangal Kavya or Padma Purana. Similarities between these two narratives prove that ancient epical story largely influenced the making of mangal-kavya, though the story of Dhanvantari is not a blind imitation of the epical story. However, a close reading of these stories also indicates towards the very existence of a well-established medical discipline concerning snakebite envenomation and its treatment in ancient and mediaeval India. Thus, by using specific literary evidences this paper actually tries to trace the socio-cultural journey of Indian toxicology.

Keywords: Snake, Snakebite-Curer, Takshaka, Kashyapa Rishi, Dhanvantari Ojha, the Mahabharata, the Manasamangal Kavya.

Awareness among Teachers about Right to Information Act-2005 with Special Reference to Their Experience and Streams

Dr. Pargat Singh Garcha

Asst. Prof. GHG Khalsa College of Education, Gurusar Sadhar. Email:

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2sc05


This paper is an attempt to study influence of years of service (more than 5 years/ less than 5 years) and stream (arts/science), on awareness among teachers towards right to information act-2005. A descriptive research design of survey type was adopted for the study. This study was conducted on a sample of 70 teachers attending orientation and refresher course in UGC-HRDC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, from different states in India. Sample was classified on the basis of experience and stream. Self prepared questionnaire was used to assess the awareness of teachers towards RTI-Act. The study revealed that there is no significant mean difference found on the awareness towards RTI Act-2005 among teachers on the variable of experience but on the bases of stream mean difference was significant.

Keywords:  RTI-Act, Experience, Stream, College and University Teachers

CFP: Special Issue on “Environment and Ethics”

Papers are invited for a Special Issue on “Environment and Ethics” to be published from Bhatter College Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies ( a refereed national journal approved by the UGC at ), edited by Arabinda Paul
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Philosophy, Bhatter College, Dantan, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India.
Deadline: 15 January 2018.
Areas of Submission
Emerging issues and theories of Environmental Ethics
Environmental ethics as represented in Art and Literature
Environmental Ethics as an Interdisciplinary Area
Classical theories of Environmental Ethics
Environmental Ethics in the Social Sciences
Activism around the world with Environmental Ethics
Cultural Studies and Environment
Archaeology and Environmental Ethics
Authors can also contact for inclusion of new areas in the theme.

জাতীয়তাবাদী আশুতোষ মুখোপাধ্যায় ও তাঁর শিক্ষাভাবনা

প্রণব বর্মণ

ভট্টর কলেজ, দাঁতন, Email:

  Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2bnl03

সংক্ষিপ্তসার (Abstract):     

ঔপনিবেশিক শক্তির হাত ধরে উনিশ শতকে বাংলার সমাজ-সংস্কৃতির আমূল পরিবর্তনের সূত্রপাত হয়। মধ্যযুগীয় সামাজিক উপাদানগুলি অপসারিত হয়ে, যুক্তিবাদ, সুগঠিত রাষ্ট্র পরিকল্পনা ও জাতীয়তাবাদ প্রভৃতি বাঙালির মনে সঞ্চারিত হয়। অবশ্যই এর মাধ্যম ঔপনিবেশিক শাসন ও  ইংরেজী শিক্ষা। এই ইংরেজী শিক্ষাকে অবলম্বন করে সমাজে উদ্ভব হয় মধ্যবিত্ত শ্রেণীর মত নব্য শ্রেণীর। জাতীয়তাবাদ ও ইউরোপীয় চিন্তাভাবনার মিশেল ঘটে বাংলার সমাজে। প্রাচ্য  ও প্রতীচ্যের যুথবদ্ধতায় সমাজে নতুন সম্ভাবনার প্রকাশ পেতে থাকে। বাঙালি মননের গড়ন নির্মিত হয় নতুন উপকরণ দ্বারা। এর প্রভাব পড়ে শিক্ষাচিন্তার ওপর। শিক্ষার প্রসারের মধ্যদিয়ে বাঙালি তথা ভারতীয়দের মধ্যে জাতি ও জাতীয়তাবোধ গড়ে তুলতে উদ্যোগী হয় এই মধ্যবিত্ত শ্রেণী। যারা অগ্রণী ভূমিকা পালন করেছিলেন তাঁদের মধ্যে অন্যতম হলেন আশুতোষ মুখোপাধ্যায়। ব্রিটিশ শক্তির প্রবল বিরোধিতা সত্ত্বেও বাংলার শিক্ষাচিন্তাকে জাতীয়তাবাদী খাতে প্রবাহিত করেছিলেন। কলকাতা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়কে কেন্দ্র করে বাংলা তথা ভারতে শিক্ষাচিন্তায় আমূল পরিবর্তন আনেন। শিক্ষা ব্যবস্থাকে ঔপনিবেশিক ধারায় প্রবাহিত না করে স্বতন্ত্র ধারার প্রবর্তনের পথপ্রদর্শক ছিলেন আশুতোষ মুখোপাধ্যায়। পরাধীন ভারতে তাঁর জাতীয়তাবাদী মন নিয়ে কীভাবে শিক্ষাকে অবলম্বন করে সমাজ সংস্কারের  প্রতি ব্রতি হয়েছিলেন সেটা এই প্রবন্ধের প্রতিপাদ্য বিষয়।

সূচকশব্দ: ঔপনিবেশিক শক্তি, জাতীয়তাবাদ, শিক্ষা , কলকাতা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় ও আশুতোষ মুখোপাধ্যায়।

A study of academic stress and its effect on self efficacy of the students

Kartik Chandra Sarkar1 & K N Chattopadhyay2

1Officer-in-Charge, Govt. Teachers’ Training College, Malda, P.O & Dist: Malda, West Bengal, India. 2Department of Education, the University of Burdwan, Burdwan (East), West Bengal, India. Email:

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2sc04


In the recent times academic stress has become  a most concerning matter to the educationists as well as to the psychologists. Immense studies have been made by different researchers on the influence of academic stress on different aspects of the development of students. On the other hand self-efficacy of the student is necessary for the academic performance of the students and for social developments also. In the present investigation the researchers have studied whether the academic stress of the male and female students differs significantly and whether the academic stress of the students varies with classes and whether academic stress has relationship with the self-efficacy of the students. For this purpose a sample of 236 students has been taken from different schools of South Dinajpur district comprising male and female students of class VII, VIII and IX. Academic stress of the students are measured by the Scale for Assessing Academic Stress (SAAS) as developed and standardized by Sinha et al.(2001). The self-efficacy of the students are measured by the Self-Efficacy Scale (SES) as developed and standardized by Mathur and Bhatnagar (2012). The significant difference of the academic stress on the male and female students is tested by t test and it is seen that there is no significant difference of the academic stress on male and female students. The significant difference of the academic stress on different classes is tested by F- test (ANOVA) and it is seen that the academic stress depends on classes. Also the Pearson’s coefficient of correlation between the academic stress and self-efficacy is calculated and it is -0.70061 and by t test it is seen that the correlation is significant. The regression analysis has also been done to estimate the dependence of self-efficacy on the academic stress.

Keywords: Academic stress, Self-efficacy, SAAS.

ইন্দ্রিয়সংযমের শিক্ষা ও রামায়ণঃ একটি আলোচনা

শিশির কুমার ঢালী

সহশিক্ষক, গয়েশ্বরী প্যারী ভুবন বিদ্যানিকেতন, Email:

  Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2bnl02

সংক্ষিপ্তসার (Abstract):       

মনুষ্যদেহে বসবাসকারী ষড়রিপুর অন্যতম কাম। ভগবান তাঁর সৃষ্টিকে পঞ্চ-ইন্দ্রিয়ের দ্বারা উপভোগ করবার জন্যই মনুষ্য প্রজাতির সৃষ্টি করেছেন। সুতরাং, পৃথিবীতে সৃষ্টি বজায় রাখতে গেলে নিঃসন্দেহে কামের প্রয়োজন আছে। যেহেতু কামাদি রিপুগুলি সহজাত, তাই এগুলির সমূলে বিনাশ সম্ভব নয় এবং তা কাম্যও নয়; এর দমন সম্ভব এবং তা বাঞ্ছনীয়। কিন্তু কাম-প্রবৃত্তি অসংযতভাবে বৃদ্ধি পেলে সমাজে নারীজাতি অনেক ক্ষেত্রেই তার শিকার হয়ে থাকে। শুধু তাই নয়, অসংযত মন ও ইন্দ্রিয়ের বশীভূত ব্যক্তি নিজকৃত কর্মের পরিণাম সম্পর্কে সচেতন থাকতে পারে না। অপিচ কাম-কামনা ঋদ্ধিমান পুরুষের শুভবোধকে পর্যন্ত হরণ করে থাকে। কামের এই সর্বগ্রাসী প্রবৃত্তির অবশ্যম্ভাবী ফলস্বরূপ পুত্রপ্রীতি, ভ্রাতৃপ্রীতি, পত্নীপ্রীতি ও বন্ধুতা থেকে শত্রুতায় পরিণত করে। তাই আদিকবি বাল্মীকি তাঁর আর্য রামায়ণে বিবিধ চরিত্র ও ঘটনাবলীর অনুসঙ্গে সমাজকে ইন্দ্রিয়াসক্তির বিরূপ প্রতিক্রিয়া সম্বন্ধে সমুচিত শিক্ষা দিতে এই কালজয়ী আখ্যান রচনা করেছিলেন।

সূচকশব্দ (Keywords): রামায়ণ, বাল্মীকি, ষট্‌রিপু, কামনিন্দা, ইন্দ্রিয়সংযম

Programme and Financial Management of JSY Scheme under NRHM: a Qualitative Study in Three South Indian States

Dr. D.C. Nanjunda

Centre for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy, Mysore University, Mysore-06. Email:

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2mc04


Maternal mortality in rural parts is a burning issue today. Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe and secured motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and neo-natal mortality by promoting and increasing institutional delivery among the poor pregnant women in the rural parts of the country. Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NHM).it is implemented all over the country since 2005. JSY is basically a conditional cash transfer benefit scheme. It is a 100% central government supported scheme and ministry of health and family welfare will channelize the fund to the all state health societies. This study has been conducted in there south Indian states focusing programme and financial management of the JSY scheme and to find out any lacunas in the delivery system.

Keywords: Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), financial management, delivery system