Articles By Editor

Social Exclusion and the Empowerment of Muslims: A study of Uttar Pradesh

Farhan Abedi

Research Scholar, Department of Sociology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. Email:

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2sc02


Social exclusion broadly refers to lack of participation in social life. It is a powerful form of discriminatory practice. In course of human development, exclusion has taken the form of segregating a group of people from the social, political, economic, cultural, educational domains of societal life. Giddens defines social exclusion as “it is not about gradations of inequality, but about mechanism that act to detach groups of people from the social mainstream”. Muslim in India remains far below the national average in almost all aspect of life. Sacchar committee estimates that the situation of Muslims in India is that of a deprived community which is above that of SCs and STs but below that of Hindu general, Hindu OBCs and other socio-religious category in almost all indicators of development. The due representation of Muslims in parliament, state legislature and Panchayati raj institution is crucial for the country because this is the only way in which this excluded community can keep pace with other communities in development. Other scholars estimate that the situation of Muslims in India is that of an excluded community in economic, educational and political terms. This paper examines the literature on Muslim exclusion in India and suggests some measures for formulating an inclusion policy for them.

Keywords: Exclusion, Development, Muslim Empowerment.

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Teacher Motivation and Perception of Effectiveness of Curriculum

Namita Kumari1 & Fr. Thomas Perumalil S.J.2

1Mother’s International Teacher’s Training Academy, Phulwarisharif, Patna.


2Xavier College of Education, Digha, Patna

 Volume VII, Number 2, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n2.v7n2sc01


Teacher motivation is a point of concern for educationists, education planners and school managers. There are several theories dealing with teacher motivation from different viewpoints. The present paper is a short survey concerning the kind of opinion that motivated teachers have regarding the effectiveness of curriculum. The survey was conducted in a private CBSE-based school of Patna. The survey showed a medium positive correlation of 0.35 between teacher motivation and teachers’ perception of effectiveness of curriculum. This implies that while it is true that motivated teachers in general have a positive opinion about their curriculum being effective, it is not so always. A small number are not very confident. This might be because they might be looking towards further possible improvements.

Keywords: Teacher Motivation, Teacher’s Perception of Curriculum

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Customer Perception and Satisfaction towards Basmati Rice in Jammu Region of J&K State

Naveed Hamid1, Kushum saini2, and Jyoti Kachroo1

1Division of Agricultural Economic and Agri Business Management SKUAST-Jammu

2Scholar Division of Agricultural Economic and Agri Business Management SKUAST-Jammu

Correspondence address:

Mr. Naveed Hamid, Division of Agricultural Economics and ABM, SKUAST-Jammu. Email:

 Volume VII, Number 1, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/


Agriculture is an important part of India’s economy and at present it is among the top two farm producers in the world. This sector provides approximately 68 percent of the total number of jobs available in India and contributes around 14.2 percent to the GDP. India and China produce about 250,000 million tons of rice between them..India is the leading exporter of the Basmati Rice to the global market as the country has exported 37, 02,260.12 MT of Basmati Rice to the world for the worth of 27,597.87 crores during the year 2014-15. The Jammu and Kashmir is considered to be favorable state of production of Basmati rice with its pleasant climatic conditions. In Jammu and Kashmir the Basmati is confined at the areas of R.S. Pura, Samba and Kathua. The present study was carried out in district Jammu of Jammu and Kashmir state with the aim of understanding the Consumer Satisfaction and Perception level towards Sarveshwar Foods Limited. The present study uses primary data (150 Sarveshwar Basmati Consumers) and secondary data for fulfilling the objectives of the study. The study adopts descriptive, regression and Cross Tab (Chi Square Test) for analysis purposes. The results of the study revealed that the customers are satisfied with the Sarveshwar products in terms of quality and packaging respectively and customer’s perception towards the Sarveshwar rice is fair in terms of the factors related to perception level. The study also depicts that there existed no relation or impact over the satisfaction and perception level by the demographic factors as the result showed that the tabular result of these factors are greater than the expected value, hence rejection of the Null hypotheses (hypothetical statements).

Keywords: Perception, Satisfaction, Cross tab, Significance level, Null hypotheses

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Extolling Equality: Construction of Justice in “The Gilded Six Bits” by Zora Neal Hurston

Navid Salehi Babamiri

Independent Researcher, Saqqez city, Iran. Email:

Volume VII, Number 1, 2017 I Full Text PDF

DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n1.en-v7-01-06


The masculine word or the so called “patriarchy” was a term that mostly in black culture, literature and folklore has had its most negative, undesirable and traumatic effect on a poor black woman. It is also a kind of belief that is used by narrow-minded men especially black ones to show that black women are inferior to men both rationally and physically. This evil thought leads to the ruthless behavior that black men want to compel their wives to comply them for whatever they want, however, the black women have not stopped but have acquired their ability to hamper and impair these negative power relations. Zora Neal Hurston’s short story “The Six Gilded Bits” is a good sample that signifies the author’s response to this devastated culture.  In this short story, she firstly tries to depict the horrible situation that a black woman has to tackle, and secondly, she makes it flexible for the reader, even the black men with their strict power in their hands, to understand their wives better and take actions with them to balance the power and revise the harsh term “patriarchy” to reconciliation and love. Therefore, this article, regarding the short story, tries to estimate the symbolic boundaries in which black women live in a society that they suffer from sexism, racism, and material disinheritance and, at the same time, it contributes to black women’s attempt to develop the process of liberation from these constraints which have been imposed on them for long.

Keywords: patriarchy, masculinity, femininity, equality, love.

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করুণা-হত্যা (Euthanasia): আইনী স্বীকৃতির প্রয়োজনীয়তা

অধ্যাপক অরবিন্দ পাল
দর্শন বিভাগ, ভট্টর কলেজ, দাঁতন

 Volume VII, Number 1, 2017 I Full Text PDF

Article DOI: 10.25274/

সংক্ষিপ্তসার (Abstract): আত্মহত্যার ন্যায় করুণা-হত্যা (Euthanasia)ও একটি বহু-বিতর্কিত বিষয় । পিটার সিঙ্গার থেকে শুরু করে জেমস র্যালচেলস, ফিলিপ্‌পা ফুট প্রমুখ প্রথম সারির বহু নীতি দার্শনিক “ইচ্ছা মৃত্যু” সম্পর্কে বহু আলোচনা করেছেন । Euthanasia বা ইচ্ছামৃত্যুর সজ্ঞায় Marvin Kohl বলেন, “The painless inducement of a quick death” । ‘Euthanasia’ শব্দটি গ্রীক শব্দ ‘Euthanatos’ থেকে এসেছে। গ্রীক শব্দ ‘Eu’ এর অর্থ হল Well বা Good অর্থাৎ ভালো, আর ‘Euthanatos’ শব্দের অর্থ হল ‘Death’ অর্থাৎ মৃত্যু। সুতরাং গ্রীক ‘Euthanatos’ শব্দের অর্থ হল ‘Good Death’ অর্থাৎ শান্তি মৃত্যু বা ‘স্বস্তিমৃত্যু’। Euthanasia শব্দটির আভিধানিক অর্থ হল, ‘করুণা হত্যা’ বা ‘সৌজন্য-হত্যা’, যে হত্যায় মৃত্যুকাঙ্খী ব্যাক্তির মৃত্যুটি হয় শান্তিপূর্ণ । শান্ত ও সহজ মৃত্যু বা স্বস্তিমৃত্যুই (Mercy Killing) হল করুণা-হত্যা (Euthanasia) । অনারোগ্য ব্যাধির অশেষ যন্ত্রণা থেকে মুক্ত করার জন্য সহজ ও শান্তভাবে জীবনের অবসান ঘটানো (a gentle and easy death) হল কাঙ্ক্ষিত হত্যাজনিত মৃত্যু (When death is desired) । করুণা-হত্যার প্রধান তিনটি প্রকার হল – (১) ঐচ্ছিক করুণা-হত্যা (Voluntary Euthanasia) (২) অনৈচ্ছিক করুণা-হত্যা (Non-Voluntary Euthanasia) এবং (৩) ইচ্ছাবিরোধী করুণা-হত্যা (Involuntary Euthanasia) । করুণা-হত্যা দুইভাবে হতে পারে – (১) নিশ্চেষ্ট (Passive) এবং সচেষ্ট (active euthanasia) । মৃত্যু পথযাত্রীর চিকিৎসা বন্ধ করে চিকিৎসক তার মৃত্যুকে ত্বরান্বিত করলে হয় নিশ্চেষ্ট করুণা-হত্যা । আর প্রাণঘাতী ওষুধ প্রয়োগ করে চিকিৎসক মৃত্যু পথযাত্রীর তাৎক্ষণিক মৃত্যু ঘটালে তা হয় সচেষ্ট করুণা-হত্যা । নেদারল্যান্ডস্‌ ছাড়া অন্য কোন দেশে এ যাবৎ সচেষ্টকরুণা-হত্যা আইনসম্মতরূপে গ্রাহ্য হয়নি। সাধারণত ‘Euthanasia’ বলতে অনারোগ্য (incurable) ব্যাধিতে জর্জরিত এবং অসহ্য যন্ত্রণাক্লিষ্ট মরণেচ্ছু মানুষকে দয়া দেখিয়ে সহজ ও শান্তিতে যাতনাহীন স্বচ্ছন্দ মৃত্যু ঘটিয়ে দেওয়া বোঝায়। যাতনাহীন স্বচ্ছন্দ মৃত্যু বা করুণা হত্যা ঘটানোর ব্যাপারটা ‘Euthanasia’র একটি দিক মাত্র। সেই সঙ্গে এটাও লক্ষ্য রাখতে হবে যে অনারোগ্য যন্ত্রণাক্লিষ্ট মরণেচ্ছু হতভাগ্য মানুষটি মরে বাঁচছে কিনা। অর্থাৎ মৃত্যু তার কাছে আশীর্বাদ হয়ে এসেছে কিনা।
Keywords: Voluntary Euthanasia, Non-Voluntary Euthanasia, active euthanasia, Mercy Killing

The time-dependent discrete variable representation (TDDVR) method to the quantum dynamics on ethylene (C2H4+)

Dr. Subhankar Sardar

Department of Chemistry, Bhatter College, Dantan, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India

 Volume VII, Number 1, 2017 I Full Text PDF

Article DOI: 10.25274/bcjms.v7n1.psc-v7-01-01


The molecular dynamics of ethylene radical cation (C2H4+) is investigated after excitation from the ground state (X2B2u) to the first excited electronic state (A2B2g) by using the time-dependent discrete variable representation (TDDVR) method. The investigation is being carried out with a realistic 3-mode model Hamiltonian of C2H4+ molecule. We perform dynamics on the model Hamiltonian consisting most important three vibrational modes to calculate the spectral profile of C2H4+ by using TDDVR approach. The TDDVR calculated ultraviolet photoelectron (PE) spectra shows reasonably good agreement with a previous theoretical and the experimental results. It is now established that the TDDVR approach for those molecular systems where quantum mechanical description is needed in a restricted region, is a good compromise between accuracy and speed.

Keywords: Quantum Dynamics, Time Dependent Discrete Variable Representation method, Ethylene

Importance of Astanga-yoga for the Attainment of Liberation in Other Systems of Indian Philosophy

Sukanta Das, PhD

Govt. Approved Part-time teacher, Department of Philosophy, Garhbeta College, Garhbeta, Midnapur (west), West Bengal. Email:

 Volume VII, Number 1, 2017 I Full Text PDF

Article DOI: 10.25274/


We know that Indian Philosophy leads us to the way of attaining liberation. It is true that only moka or liberation is eternal among four puruārthas by which men can be free from all kinds of sufferings, pains etc. of life permanently.  The term ‘moka’ is used in different terms in various systems of Indian Philosophy viz. ‘nirvāa’, ‘kaivalya’, ‘apavarga’, ‘mukti’, ‘niśreyasa’, ‘Brahmasvarūpatāprāpti’ etc. But, it is also true that all the systems except the Cārvāka admit liberation as the chief goal to every human being and for attaining it they have mentioned various methods as the means in their theories but if we search profoundly their prescribe methods, must find the method of yoga or some parts of yoga (of aga-yoga) as potential form using in different terms. Hence, it may be observed here that the aga-yoga is not only effective method as means for attaining liberation in the Yoga Philosophy but also effective method in other systems of Indian Philosophy also. The aim of this paper is to show how the aga-yoga has been admitted as the means for the attainment of liberation in some other systems of Indian Philosophy.

Keywords: Liberation, Aga-yoga, nirvā, apavarga, kaivalya, Brahman.

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